c1500BC Ancient Egyptian Earthenware Thoth Baboon Figure


A very rare c1000BC Ancient Egyptian Earthenware religious figure of the god Thoth in his lesser known guise as a seated Baboon.
The deity is made of a pinkish brown clay and appears seated on its haunches with forepaws on his knees, with a mane that has been styled to give him the impression of a cape. The head is bare without any form of headdress. The size is larger than the normal amulets and is more of a small statuette. The condition is very good, but with the inevitable wear and erosion of age. There is no evidence of any hieroglyphic text on the figure.
Thoth was an important Egyptian deity, who was often depicted as a man with the head of a sacred Ibis bird. When represented as the less usual baboon, he was A’an, the god of equilibrium. In this role he was important during the judgement for the afterlife trial. It was his responsibility to check the balance of deceased’s heart when weighed against the feather of Maat, allowing the deceased into the afterlife or not. Therefore, Thoth was closely associated with time keeping and accurate measuring, so held a key role in ensuring that time passed at the correct speed, in accordance with the movements of the moon.
The funerary statues and amulets held different meanings, depending on their type or form. Amulets depicting gods and goddesses seem to have induced the protective powers of the deity and were a tribute to the gods judging your future afterlife.
Size: 5 x 4 x 9.25 cm (2 x 1 5/8 x 3 5/8 inches)
Weight: 126 g