c1565 View of Granada Uncoloured Print by Georgius Hoefnagel


A rare and highly collectable double-page folio view of Granada, Spain, by Georgius Hoefnagel, dated 1565.

A very good print taken from the book CIVITATES ORBIS TERRARUM, it is uncoloured, with some light toning and wrinkling to margin and central fold. There is a small error in the printing due to a flaw in the hand made paper, with means that a small area has been missed by the ink. The print has been beautifully mounted, framed in black wood and glazed. The back is also glazed so as to show the printed description of the city in old French. The picture shows a slightly elevated view from the southeast of the city before the backdrop of the Sierra Nevada. In the foreground are a selection of people going about their business, with the city in the mid-ground. You can see the Palace of the Alhambra, the Hospital of San Juan, the Iglesia Mayor, Castillo Mayor, the Royal Palace, etc. Under Moorish occupation, the town was expanded with the founding of new quarters in 1246 to around 1410. Silk production, as mentioned by Braun, flourished in Granada under the rule of the Nasrids (1238-1493). During this period trade in silk with Italy led Granada to become the wealthiest city in Spain. The arts and sciences also flourished under their rule. Yusuf I founded the Arab university of La Madraza in Granada as early as 1349.

Georgius, Joris or Georg Hoefnagel (1542– 1601) was a Flemish painter, printmaker, miniaturist, draftsman and merchant. He is noted for his illustrations of natural history subjects, topographical views, illuminations and mythological works. He was one of the last manuscript illuminators and made a major contribution to the development of topographical drawing. He moved to Spain, where he resided from 1563 to 1567 and was active on behalf of the family business. He made various sketches of places in Spain and was particularly fascinated with Seville, the primary colonial trading port of Spain, where he could see many exotic animals and plants. The ‘Civitates Orbis Terrarum’ was, with its six volumes, the most extensive atlas of its time. Hoefnagel worked intermittently on the Civitates his whole life.

Size image: 51 x 38.5 cm (20 x 15 ¼ inches)
Size frame: 62.5 x 50 x 1.5 cm (24 5/8 x 19 ¾ x 5/8 inches)
Weight: 2840 g