c1856 Type II Enfield P1853 Volunteer’s Percussion Rifle


A scarce c1856 British Service percussion rifle, Pattern 1853 Rifle, second model, with a .577 calibre, steel rifled round barrel, measuring 99.5 cm (39 ¼ inches) long.
These guns, often called the 1853 Enfield because of its use of Enfield rifling, were made by several contractors for the British Government, generally with Tower markings. In this case, there are no maker’s details making it a Volunteer’s rifle. The Type II Enfield rifle muskets were produced from 1855-1858 and incorporated a number of improvements that were suggested after the Type I Enfields saw significant service during the early days of the Crimean War (1853-1856). One of these improvements was a new, sturdier hammer that eliminated the curl on the spur. The guns also has the adopted the solid barrel bands that have a spring wishbone to keep them in place. The sight is also different to the first pattern, with flat sides. The other change that took place with later production “Type IIs” was the change from a button-head rammer to a slotted, jag-head rammer and a change in the location of the swell that retained the rammer in the rammer channel. The gun is in good worn condition, with evidence of old worm holes (mostly blocked) on the walnut stock. A number of the Pattern 1853 Type II Enfield Rifle Muskets, typically the 1855 dated guns, ended up seeing service in the Crimea. As a result, these guns tend to be found in rather rough condition and Type IIs in fine condition are rarely encountered. After the IIIrd pattern came out. the majority of the earlier Type II guns were put into secondary service with British Militia Companies (Rifle Volunteers) or held in storage for emergency use.
Size: 140 cm (55 inches)
Weight: 3680g